Michael Gibbons is Honorary Professorial Fellow in Science and Technology Policy Research with the University of Sussex. Former appointments include Director of the Science Policy Research Unit at Sussex University and Secretary General of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. Prior to these appointments he was Founding Director of the Programme of Policy Research in Engineering Science and Technology at the University of Manchester and Director of Research and Technology Transfer in that University. Dr. Gibbons has an active research interest in science and technology policy generally but has additionally carried out research in the process of technological innovation in industry and the evaluation of research. He is co-author with colleagues of two major books on the nature of contemporary science: New Modes of Knowledge Production and Re-thinking Science, which have arguably set the agenda for much current science policy debate. His work has been vigorously taken up by the South African authorities who have adopted the notion of Mode 2 research as a guiding concept during the current, and ongoing, transformation of the South African higher education system. From 2000 to 2003, he was a member of the UK Economic and Social Research Council and Chair of its Research Priorities Board. From 2004, he was Chair of the Board of Quest University, Canada’s first secular, private, not-for-profit university, based in Squamish, British Columbia. In 2004 he became a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to Higher Education and was awarded the Queen’s Jubilee Medal for excellence in research by the government of Canada.